いぜん 以前
いぜんに 以前に
* * *
/əɡóu, iɡóu/ 〔(過去の方)へ(a)行く(go)〕
1 [期間を表す語を前に置いて] (今から)…前に(⇔in … )

two years ~2年前に《◆(1) 通例文強勢を置かない. (2) 略式ではtwo years báck》

not long ~ つい先ごろ《◆(1) xshort ~は不可. (2) 過去形の肯定文で用いる》

long ~ = a long time ~ ずいぶん前に《◆後者の方が普通》

a minute [moment] ~ ちょっと前に

How long ~ was that? それはどのくらい前のことでしたか

no longer ~ than last Sunday ついこの前の日曜日に(=as recently as last Sunday).

2 [位置を表す語を前に置いて] …前に

two pages [chapters] ~ 2ページ[章]前に.

(1) agoは「(今から)…前(の時点で)」の意味であるから動詞の時制は原則として過去形であり, 現在完了形と共には用いない: I saw [xhave seen] him an hour ~. 1時間前に彼と会った(cf. He must have died years ago. 彼はきっと何年も前に亡くなったのでしょう(=It is certain that he died years ago. )).
(2) 過去完了にはbeforeが原則だが, 文学作品などではしばしば登場人物でなく作者自身の目から時間をとらえるのでagoもごく普通: She was thinner than she had been three weeks ~. 彼女は3週間前よりもやつれていた.
(3) 間接話法ではagoをbeforeに変えるのが原則であるが, 今日[今月, 今年]言ったことを今日[今月, 今年]伝える場合にはagoも用いられる: He said this morning, “I went sightseeing in Europe three years ~. ”=He said this morning that he had gone sightseeing in Europe three years ~. 「3年前にヨーロッパへ観光に出かけました」と彼はけさ言った( ⇒ before ).
(4) xIt is ten years ~ since he wrote the novel. (彼がその小説を書いてから10年になる)のようにagoをsinceと共に用いるのは不可. It has been [is] ten years since he wrote the novel. / It was ten years ~ that [when] he wrote the novel. / He wrote the novel ten years ~. などとする.
(5) agoは単独で用いないので, 「(漠然と)以前に」の意ではbefore: I met her before.

English-Japanese dictionary. 2013.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • AGO — o AGO puede referirse a: Agosto, un mes del calendario. Angola, por su código ISO 3166 1. AGO Flugzeugwerke, empresa alemana de fabricación de aviones. Ago Markvardt, deportista estonio que practicaba combinada nórdica. Todas las páginas cuyos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • ago — ago; ago·ge; ago·ho; ago·ni·a·da; ago·ni·a·ti·tes; ago·jo; …   English syllables

  • Ago — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. {{{image}}}   Sigles d une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres > Sigles de trois lettres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ago — A*go , a. & adv. [OE. ago, agon, p. p. of agon to go away, pass by, AS. [=a]g[=a]n to pass away; [=a] (cf. Goth. us , Ger. er , orig. meaning out) + g[=a]n to go. See {Go}.] Past; gone by; since; as, ten years ago; gone long ago. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ago — ago, since Ago is followed by that, not since, in constructions of the type It is 10 years ago that [not since] he died. Since is used without ago: e.g. It is 10 years since he died …   Modern English usage

  • AGO — is a three letter abbreviation with multiple meanings, as described below: *AGO Flugzeugwerke, aircraft manufacturer *Alpha Gamma Omega fraternity *American Guild of Organists *Angola, from its ISO country code *Art Gallery of Ontario *Auditor… …   Wikipedia

  • ago — [ə gō′] adj. [ME agon, pp. of agon, to depart < OE agan, to pass away < a , away + gan: see GO1] gone by; past; before now: used following the noun [years ago] adv. in the past [long ago] …   English World dictionary

  • ago — s.m. [lat. acus us ] (pl. aghi, ant. le àgora ). 1. [asticciola di acciaio usata per cucire] ● Espressioni: ago torto ▶◀ (region.) aghetto, uncinetto. 2. (estens.) a. [asticciola indicatrice di vari strumenti] ▶◀ indicatore, indice, lancetta …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • ago — (adj.) early 14c., shortened form of O.E. agan, agone departed, passed away, pp. of an obsolete verb ago to go forth, formed from a away (perhaps here used as an intensive prefix) + gan go (see GO (Cf. go)). Agone remains a dialectal variant …   Etymology dictionary

  • ago — ágo m <V ȃgo!> DEFINICIJA hip. od aga ETIMOLOGIJA vidi aga …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • ago — [adv] in the past ages ago, back, back when, before, from way back, from year one*, gone, since, since God knows when*, time was; concept 820 …   New thesaurus

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